A look at diabetic neuropathy: Types, diagnosis, treatments, and more

Diabetes can change how you enjoy your life and comes with a long list of complications. No matter whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you should be careful about managing the condition. For the unversed, diabetic neuropathy is a kind of nerve damage affecting those with diabetes. There are four types of diabetic neuropathy, and a patient can have one or multiple types at once. If you need help with diabetic neuropathy Baltimore, there are clinics for help. Here’s more worth knowing.

 Types of diabetic neuropathy

  1. Peripheral neuropathy: Considered the most common kind of diabetic neuropathy, the symptoms are primarily seen in the feet and legs, while some patients may also experience the effects in their arms and hands. Typical symptoms include numbness and tingling, sharp pain, and muscle weakening.
  2. Autonomic neuropathy: This kind of diabetic neuropathy affects the internal organs, including the stomach, heart, and bladder. You may have increased blood pressure, issues with heart rate, and other symptoms of digestive symptoms.
  3. Focal neuropathy: Also known as mononeuropathy, focal neuropathy affects a particular group of nerves, and one of the common examples is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
  4. Proximal neuropathy: This may cause unexpected and sudden pain, typically in the thighs, hips, and buttocks. This is rate, but proximal neuropathy can be disabling.

What causes diabetic neuropathy?

Unregulated and high blood sugar levels are often considered the first reasons for diabetic neuropathy. The condition prevents nerves from working usually, and in the long run, diabetic neuropathy can cause additional problems.

Diagnosis and treatment

Your doctor will do a physical exam and check your medical history to determine whether you have diabetic neuropathy. They will also check whether your body parts are sensitive to touch, and if required, they may order electrodiagnostic tests for accurate diagnosis. Treatments for diabetic neuropathy include injection therapy, pain relief medications, and exercise routines, and in some cases, patients may benefit from alternative treatments such as acupuncture. Your doctor’s goal is to enhance the overall quality of life and improve the immediate and long-term effects of diabetic neuropathy. A mix of treatments can be considered for different needs.

Final word

While the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy can be hard to manage, you should see a doctor immediately to start the right treatment plan. If you have additional concerns or need help managing your blood sugar levels, find an expert now. Many clinics in Baltimore specialize in treating diabetic neuropathy.

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