Acute myocardial infarction, also known as a heart attack, is a potentially fatal condition in which blood flow to the heart muscle is suddenly cut off due to plaque accumulation or a blood clot in the coronary arteries, causing tissue damage. Visit this page to see the options for myocardial infarction forest hills treatment.
What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
The basic symptoms of a heart attack include chest discomfort and shortness of breath. Other common symptoms include chest, back, and jaw pain, sweating, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, fainting, a racing heart, and a sensation of impending doom. Atypical symptoms in women include shortness of breath, jaw or upper back pain, lightheadedness, and flu-like emotions.
Are there any risk factors?
Individuals who consume a lot of processed, fried, and unhealthy fatty meals are at risk for acute myocardial infarction, especially if they have high levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides in their blood. A healthy diet with fewer processed foods, as well as statin drugs if necessary, can help minimize risk factors.
High blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, smoking, age (risk increases with age), sex (men have a higher risk than women and may have heart attacks earlier), and a family history of early heart disease, particularly if male family members had heart disease before the age of 55 or female family members before the age of 65, are at risk.
Acute myocardial infarction is diagnosed by reviewing symptoms, vital signs, and a physical exam, with a special focus on the heart. An electrocardiogram (EKG) and blood tests are performed to look for heart damage-related proteins (troponin). To detect artery blockages, an angiography with coronary catheterization may be performed.
Acute myocardial infarction requires rapid treatment in the emergency room. Medications may be administered to treat blood clots, reduce pain, or regulate the heart rate. Percutaneous coronary intervention, commonly referred to as angioplasty with a stent, is a procedure that can unblock clogged arteries and restore blood flow. This procedure is only done in specialized facilities, and if one is not accessible, the patient may be transferred to another facility. A catheter is inserted into the artery to open it, and a stent may be placed to prevent re-closure.
Acute myocardial infarction necessitates prompt medical attention. Preventive treatments such as dietary and lifestyle adjustments not only aid in healing but also lower the risk of future heart attacks.